Thursday, June 20, 2024

ALGERIA – ALGÉRIE Ahmed Khelifi خليفي أحمد – Ida Hab Allah - Bnate El Bahja – El Feth 6738

ALGERIA – ALGÉRIE
Ahmed Khelifi خليفي أحمد – Ida Hab Allah - Bnate El Bahja – El Feth  6738 (Vinyl 7 inch, 45 RPM)

#Algeria #Algérie #Ahmed Khelifi #Aiyai #musique saharienne #Saharan music #gasba flute #Bendir drum #Melhoun #poetry #poésie #traditional music #musique traditionnelle #folk music #musique folklorique #world music #Ouled Naïl #Biskra #vinyl #45 RPM #MusicRepublic
#Algeria #Algérie #Ahmed Khelifi #Aiyai #musique saharienne #Saharan music #gasba flute #Bendir drum #Melhoun #poetry #poésie #traditional music #musique traditionnelle #folk music #musique folklorique #world music #Ouled Naïl #Biskra #vinyl #45 RPM #MusicRepublic
#Algeria #Algérie #Ahmed Khelifi #Aiyai #musique saharienne #Saharan music #gasba flute #Bendir drum #Melhoun #poetry #poésie #traditional music #musique traditionnelle #folk music #musique folklorique #world music #Ouled Naïl #Biskra #vinyl #45 RPM #MusicRepublic
#Algeria #Algérie #Ahmed Khelifi #Aiyai #musique saharienne #Saharan music #gasba flute #Bendir drum #Melhoun #poetry #poésie #traditional music #musique traditionnelle #folk music #musique folklorique #world music #Ouled Naïl #Biskra #vinyl #45 RPM #MusicRepublic

The iconic singer Ahmed Khelifi (خليفي أحمد) (1921-2012), born Ahmed Al-Abbas Benaissa in Sidi Khaled, near Biskra, Algeria, was a master of Algerian Bedouin songs and popularized the traditional Aiyai style—also called Saharan music. This traditional musical genre from south-central Algeria mixes music and Melhoun poetry, an art form central to Algerian culture and identity, encompassing a range of themes: love, religious devotion, nostalgia, epic stories, history, social commentary, etc.

 

Khelifi studied at the Koranic school and sang in the religious choir of the Rahmania Brotherhood. His maternal uncle, El Hadj Ben Khelifa, a renowned meddah (public storyteller or bard) in the Saharan tradition, encouraged him to sing traditional Saharan songs. In 1947, Boudali Safir, the artistic director of Radio Alger, asked the talented young man to lead the Bedouin orchestra he had created. By the 1950s, Khelifi had achieved national fame and was later celebrated throughout the Arab world and the large Algerian diaspora in France, where he performed numerous concerts.

 

With his powerful, shimmering voice and spellbinding melodies, Khelifi came to dominate Aiyai music for nearly half a century. On this poetic, mellifluous album, he is accompanied by two gasba flutes and a bendir drum. 

 

Le chanteur emblématique Khelifi Ahmed (خليفي أحمد) (1921-2012), né Ahmed Al-Abbas Benaissa à Sidi Khaled, près de Biskra, en Algérie, était un maître de la chanson bédouine algérienne qui popularisa le style traditionnel aiyai, également appelé musique saharienne. Ce genre musical traditionnel du centre-sud de l'Algérie associe la musique et la poésie Melhoun, un art au cœur de la culture et de l'identité algérienne, qui aborde un large éventail de thèmes, notamment l'amour, la dévotion religieuse, la nostalgie, les épopées, l'histoire et la critique sociale.

 

Ahmed Khelifi étudia dans une école coranique et chanta dans la chorale religieuse de la confrérie Rahmania. Son oncle maternel, El Hadj Ben Khelifa, un meddah (conteur public) renommé dans le genre saharien, l'encourage à chanter des chansons traditionnelles sahariennes. En 1947, Boudali Safir, directeur artistique de Radio Alger, demande au jeune homme talentueux de diriger l'orchestre bédouin qu'il venait de créer. Dès les années 1950, Khelifi acquiert une notoriété nationale et fut ensuite célébré dans le monde arabe et par la diaspora algérienne en France, où il donne de nombreux concerts.

 

Avec sa voix puissante et chatoyante et ses mélodies envoûtantes, Ahmed Khelifi incarna le genre aiyai pendant près d'un demi-siècle. Sur cet album poétique et mélodieux, il est accompagné de deux flûtes gasba et d'un tambour bendir.


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In a spirit of collaboration and sharing with Hakim, we have to date collected and recorded a quality selection of about 400 Moroccan and Maghrebi 7-inch records on about 30 different labels. Our goal is to gradually map out this vast, forgotten recorded heritage thanks mainly to Hakim in Marrakech who finds good copies of many rare 45 RPMs. These recordings are constantly being added to Hakim’s popular Youtube channel*, and I’ll continue to share some of our great finds with you on this blog.

*Hakim’s Amal Records Youtube channel l La chaîne Youtube d’Hakim here


Our other Algerian music posts:

Cheikha Rimitti (with gasba flutes and bendir) – Scop Music SPM 106 here

Cheikha Rimitti – Nabil-Phone NBP 35421 here

Mohamed Tahar Fergani – El Khaima & Ya Mesiene Anabi – Sawt El Menyar 1004 here  

Mohamed Khaznadji Musique Classique Algérienne  Noubat Ed Dhil – Les Artistes Arabes Associés 72830 here 
Dahmane Ben Achour – Noubat Edd'il & Noubat Elhsine – Les Artistes Arabes Associés 72503 here

1er Festival Algérien de Musique Andalouse – Mehradjane here
Music of the Arabian Orient & North Africa – Supraphon 0 17 1934 here


Young Ouled Naïl woman from the region located between Biskra, 

Laghouat, El Oued and Ghardaïa, Algeria, c. 1905:


MusicRepublic – ALGERIA – ALGÉRIE Ahmed Khelifi خليفي أحمد – Ida Hab Allah - Bnate El Bahja – El Feth  6738

Please help me purchase important traditional records 

to pursue my global curation project and share the 

best finds with you on this blog:






Thursday, May 16, 2024

ITALY – ITALIE Zampogne / Bagpipes Italia Vol. 2 – Albatros VPA 8482

ITALY – ITALIE
Zampogne / Bagpipes Italia Vol. 2 – Albatros VPA 8482 – curated by Febo Guizzi and Roberto Leydi , recorded 1912-1980 (LP)

#Italy #Italie #Italia #zampogna #zampogne #bagpipes #cornemuse #Albatros label #ciaramella #oboe #Calabria #Campania #Lazio #Molise #zampognari #Christmas #Roberto Leydi # Febo Guizzi #traditional #music #world #vinyl #78 RPM ##45 RPM #MusicRepublic
#Italy #Italie #Italia #zampogna #zampogne #bagpipes #cornemuse #Albatros label #ciaramella #oboe #Calabria #Campania #Lazio #Molise #zampognari #Christmas #Roberto Leydi # Febo Guizzi #traditional #music #world #vinyl #78 RPM ##45 RPM #MusicRepublic
#Italy #Italie #Italia #zampogna #zampogne #bagpipes #cornemuse #Albatros label #ciaramella #oboe #Calabria #Campania #Lazio #Molise #zampognari #Christmas #Roberto Leydi # Febo Guizzi #traditional #music #world #vinyl #78 RPM ##45 RPM #MusicRepublic
#Italy #Italie #Italia #zampogna #zampogne #bagpipes #cornemuse #Albatros label #ciaramella #oboe #Calabria #Campania #Lazio #Molise #zampognari #Christmas #Roberto Leydi # Febo Guizzi #traditional #music #world #vinyl #78 RPM ##45 RPM #MusicRepublic

Bagpipes – found principally in Western and Southern Europe, Northern Africa, Turkey, the Caucasus, and the Persian Gulf – are polyphonic woodwind instruments that consist of chanter melody pipes and drones with air continuously fed from an air bag usually made from animal hide.

The traditional Italian zampogne, or zampogna, bagpipes, sometimes accompanied by a 
double reed ciaramella oboe or a tamburello frame drum and singing, are found in many Italian regions, particularly in Southern Italy, where it is central to folk heritage and identity. The zampognari's pastoral roots are traced back to shepherds who spent long periods with their animals grazing in the countryside, where the zampogne would echo through the mountains. These musical shepherds also traditionally announced the coming of Christmas with their playing.

Following my share of Volume 1 of this superb Italian bagpipe anthology on the Albatros label, I’m delighted to present Volume 2, which showcases the classic duo of 
double-reed ciaramella oboes and zampogna bagpipes with keyed chanters from the regions of Calabria (A1-A3), Campania (B1-B4), and Lazio/Molise (B5-B9), as well as vintage recordings of Italian immigrants in the United States (A4, A5, A7, A8). This anthology includes historic field recordings, 78 RPM shellac discs and 45 RPM singles.

La cornemuse, que l'on trouve principalement en Europe occidentale et méridionale, au Maghreb, en Turquie, dans le Caucase et le golfe Persique, est un instrument à vent polyphonique composé de tuyaux mélodiques et de bourdons alimentés en continu par de l'air dans un sac-réservoir le plus souvent fabriqué à partir de peaux ou de vessies de bêtes.

 

La cornemuse italienne traditionnelle zampogne, ou zampogna, parfois accompagnée d'un tambour tamburello ou de chants, est présente dans de nombreuses régions en Italie, en particulier dans le sud, où elle elle occupe une place de choix dans l'identité et le patrimoine culturel. Les racines pastorales du zampognari remontent aux bergers accompagnant leurs animaux au pâturage qui faisaient résonner le zampogne dans les montagnes et les vallées. Ces bergers musiciens annonçaient également la venue de Noël   avec leurs cornemuses.

 

Après avoir partagé le premier volume de cette superbe anthologie de cornemuses italiennes sur le label Albatros, je suis ravi de présenter le volume 2, qui met en valeur le duo traditionnel du hautbois ciaramella à anche double et de cornemuses zampogna enregistrés dans les régions de la Calabre (A1-A3), de la Campanie (B1-B4) et du Latium/Molise (B5-B9), ainsi que des enregistrements d'immigrants italiens aux États-Unis (A4, A5, A7, A8). Cette anthologie comprend des enregistrements historiques, ainsi que des disques 78 tours et des 45 tours.


CALABRIA

 

A1 – Tarantella*

Francesco Crudo (double reed ciaramella oboe) and Michele Monteleone (zampogna bagpipe with keyed chanters)

Rombiolo (Catanzaro), 1979;

 

A2 – Novena di Natale (Tu Scendi Dalle Stelle)*

Francesco Crudo (ciaramella oboe) and Michele Monteleone (zampogna bagpipe)

Rombiolo (Catanzaro), 1979;

 

A3 – Ninna Nanna

Zampognari calabresi (ciaramella oboe and zampogna bagpipe), 

78 RPM A 1541 Fonotecnica A 1541 (c. 1928);

 

UNIDENTIFIED ORIGIN

 

A4 – Tarantella

Michele Lentine and Antonio Papariello (ciaramella oboe and zampogna bagpipe),

78 RPM I B-20594-1 / Victor (USA) 69708 (New York,

Septembre 24, 1917);

 

A5 – Passeggiata Zampognara

Michele Lentine and Antonio Papariello (ciaramella oboe and zampogna bagpipe),

78 RPM / B 20595-1 / Victor (USA) 69708 (New York,

Septembre 24, 1917);

 

A6 – Novena di Natale (Tu Scendi Dalle Stelle)

Zampognari del Molise (ciaramella oboe and zampogna bagpipe),

45 RPM / AF 544  (presumably Naples, c. 1960);

 

A7 – Polca Degli Zampognari

Trio di zampogne (two ciaramelle oboes and a zampogna bagpipe),

78 RPM / 85461-2 / Columbia (USA) E 4913 (New York,

July 4, 1920);

 

A8 – Tarantella Degli Zampognari

Trio di zampogne (two ciaramelle oboes, zampogna bagpipe and tamburello frame drum),

78 RPM f 85458-1 / Columbia (USA) E 4913 (New York, July 4, 1920);

 

A9 – Novena di Natale

Performed by Ciociari, with zampogna bagpipe and ciaramella oboe, 

78 RPM 10304-0 Favorite 103008 (presumably Naples, pre-1912);

 

CAMPANIA

 

B1 – Fenesta Ca Lucevi**

Rocco Carbone (ciaramella oboe), Giuseppe Russo (zampogna bagpipe), Michele Strollo (singing)

Colliano (Salerno), October 11, 1980;

 

B2 – Novena Dell'immacolata**

Michele Strollo (ciaramella oboe and

singing), Antonio Russo (zampogna bagpipe)

Colliano (Salerno), October 11, 1980;

 

B3 – Tarantella**

Michele Strollo (ciaramella oboe), Giuseppe Russo (zampogna bagpipe)

Colliano (Salerno), October 11, 1980;

 

B4 – Marina Marina E Tarantella***

Giovanni Palermo (ciaramella oboe), Nicola Manzillo (zampogna bagpipe)

Auletta (Salerno), July 20, 1980;

 

LAZIO/MOLISE

B5 – Saltarello

Various ciaramella oboes and zampogna bagpipes,

Villa Latina (Frosinone), 1949;

 

B6 – Saltarello

Zampognari from Atina (Carmine Visocchi, ciaramella oboe; Giovanni Rossi, zampogna bagpipe),

78 RPM / WB 2956 / Columbia) DQ 426 (c. 1929);

 

B7 – La Ciociara

Zampognari di San Biagio,

Saracinisco (ciaramella oboe and zampogna bagpipe),

78 RPM / D 2817 / Durium M 9889 (c. 1951);

 

B8 – Tarantello Molisano****

Sante Tomassone (ciaramella oboe), Emilio Ruffo (zampogna bagpipe),

Castelnuovo al Volturno (Isernia), May 1979;

 

B9 – Novena di Natale

Angelo Valente (ciaramella oboe), F. Fusco (zampogna bagpipe),

78 RPM / A 10169 i Cetra DC 5590 (November 1952).

 

*Recorded by Roberto Leydi (1928-2003)

**Recorded by Ciro Caliendo

***Recorded by Febo Guizzi (1947-2015)

****Recorded by Maurizio Anselmi and Paolo Speca



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Our other Italian zampogne bagpipe post:
Zampogne / Bagpipes Italia Vol. 1 – Albatros VPA 8472 here


       Vintage postcard of three street musicians playing ciaramella oboes,                                 zampogna bagpipes and bass drum, 1925:

MusicRepublic – ITALY – ITALIE Zampogne / Bagpipes Italia Vol. 2 – Albatros VPA 8482



Vintage postcard of a Sicilian zampogne player:

MusicRepublic – ITALY – ITALIE Zampogne / Bagpipes Italia Vol. 2 – Albatros VPA 8482


Orco, Sacro Bosco – Garden of Pier Francesco Orsini, Bomarzo, Lazio, Italy, photographed by Herbert List (1903-1975) in 1952 

MusicRepublic – ITALY – ITALIE Zampogne / Bagpipes Italia Vol. 2 – Albatros VPA 8482

Please help me purchase important traditional records 

to pursue my global curation project and share the 

best finds with you on this blog: