Sunday, April 4, 2021

TURKEY  TURQUIE

HZ. Mevlâna (Ks) – Instrumental Dervish Music – Ney
Tâksimleri – No label
recorded in Konya, Central Anatolia (Cassette)
#Turkey #Turquie #Konya #Dervish music #Ney flute #Mevlevi Order  #whirling dervishes #derviches tourneurs #cassette #Turkish #turque #trance #dhikr #etase #ecstasy #Jalāl al-Dīn Muhammad Rūmī #esoteric #transe #traditional music #world music #MusicRepublic #Rumi #Sufi #soufi #ritual #ceremony #rituel #cérémonie
#Turkey #Turquie #Konya #Dervish music #Ney flute #Mevlevi Order  #whirling dervishes #derviches tourneurs #cassette #Turkish #turque #trance #dhikr #etase #ecstasy #Jalāl al-Dīn Muhammad Rūmī #esoteric #transe #traditional music #world music #MusicRepublic #Rumi #Sufi #soufi #ritual #ceremony #rituel #cérémonie
#Turkey #Turquie #Konya #Dervish music #Ney flute #Mevlevi Order  #whirling dervishes #derviches tourneurs #cassette #Turkish #turque #trance #dhikr #etase #ecstasy #Jalāl al-Dīn Muhammad Rūmī #esoteric #transe #traditional music #world music #MusicRepublic #Rumi #Sufi #soufi #ritual #ceremony #rituel #cérémonie

We now present gorgeous and enthralling ney flute recordings played by unidentified Mevlevi dervishes in the city of Konya, Central Anatolia. The great Sufi mystic, poet and Islamic theologian Jalāl al-Dīn Muhammad Rūmī (1207-1273), aka Rūmi, fled the Mongol invasion of his native Balkh (present-day Afghanistan) with his family and settled in Konya, where he lived until his death in 1273. Shortly after, Rumi’s followers founded the Sufi Mevlevi Order – whose members are famously called whirling dervishes – in Konya in 1273, which spread throughout Turkey, notably in Istanbul, Syria, Egypt and the Balkans.

 

The Mevlevi practice a form of Islamic mysticism using esoteric rituals and ceremonies with sacred music and dance to achieve a trance-like ecstasy in the remembrance of God (Dhikr). Thousands of Sufi pilgrims come to Konya each December to attend the Whirling Dervishes Festival, a week of inspired ceremonies and festivities.

 

The seven-holed ney flute, symbolizing  "yedi esma" (the seven names) in Sufism, is the Mevlevi sacred instrument par excellence. This deeply haunting devotional music seems to reverberate directly into the soul.


Nous présentons maintenant de la flûte ney jouée par des derviches Mevlevi non-identifiés dans la ville de Konya, en Anatolie centrale. Le grand mystique soufi, poète et théologien islamique Jalāl al-Dīn Muhammad Rūmī (1207-1273), connu sous le nom de Rūmi, fut contraint  de fuir l'invasion mongole de son Balkh natal (aujourd'hui l'Afghanistan) avec sa famille et s'établit à Konya où il vécu jusqu'à sa mort in 1273. Peu de temps après, les élèves du maître fondèrent l’Ordre Soufi des Mevlevi à Konya. Ses adeptes  également appelés derviches tourneurs – se répandirent par la suite dans toute la Turquie, notamment à Istanbul, en Syrie, en Égypte et dans les Balkans.

 

Au travers de rituels et de cérémonies ésotériques sous la forme de musiques et de danses, les Mevlevis recherchent l'extase mystique dans le souvenir de Dieu (Dhikr). Des milliers de pèlerins se rendent à Konya chaque année au mois de décembre pour une semaine de ceremonies et de festivités soufies à l’occasion du Festival des derviches tourneurs.

 

La flûte ney à sept trous, symbolisant les "yedi esma" (les sept noms) dans le soufisme, est l’instrument sacré par excellence des Mevlevis. Ces flûtes dévotionnelles envoûtantes reverbèrent au plus profond de notre être.


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Our other Turkish music posts:
Nuit Précieuse au Sérail - ARION 30 U 97, 1970 here

Gazeller II – Ottoman-Turkish Vocal Improvisations in 78 RPM Records – Kalan Müsik here

Musique de Turquie - ALFA 5018, 1973 here
Rythmes et Mélodies de Turquie - Le Club Français du Disque 92, 1957 here
Orient-Okzident - Musik Aus Südost-Europa - Museum Collection Berlin, 1968-1980 here

Photograph below is from The Philosophy of Ecstasy Rumi and the Sufi Tradition Edited by Leonard Lewisohn, World Wisdom, 2014 (http://worldwisdom.com):

Rūmi in Ecstasy from an Ottoman manuscript of The Legends of the Luminaries, 1599:


MusicRepublic TURKEY – TURQUIE HZ. Mevlâna (Ks) – Instrumental Dervish Music – Ney Tâksimleri – No label, recorded in Konya, Central Anatolia (Cassette)

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Saturday, March 27, 2021

NIGERIA – NIGÉRIA
Bisiriyu Atunrase & His Apala Band – Star Records SRPS 45 (LP)

#Nigeria #Yoruba #Apala #music # Bisiriyu Atunrase #traditional music #African music #talking drums #gan gan #vinyl #musique africaine #LP #world music #sekere #agogo #agidigbo #polyrhythm #praise music #Yoruba Culture #Yorouba #vinyl #rarevinyl #MusicRepublic
#Nigeria #Yoruba #Apala #music # Bisiriyu Atunrase #traditional music #African music #talking drums #gan gan #vinyl #musique africaine #LP #world music #sekere #agogo #agidigbo #polyrhythm #praise music #Yoruba Culture #Yorouba #vinyl #rarevinyl #MusicRepublic
#Nigeria #Yoruba #Apala #music # Bisiriyu Atunrase #traditional music #African music #talking drums #gan gan #vinyl #musique africaine #LP #world music #sekere #agogo #agidigbo #polyrhythm #praise music #Yoruba Culture #Yorouba #vinyl #rarevinyl #MusicRepublic
#Nigeria #Yoruba #Apala #music # Bisiriyu Atunrase #traditional music #African music #talking drums #gan gan #vinyl #musique africaine #LP #world music #sekere #agogo #agidigbo #polyrhythm #praise music #Yoruba Culture #Yorouba #vinyl #rarevinyl #MusicRepublic

Heartfelt thanks to our friend João, who discovered this ultra-rare disc of music by Bisiriyu Atunrase, a forgotten Apala master. Except for two 7-inch recordings from the early 1960s posted on Youtube (1), I could find nothing out about him (if anyone has information, please let me know!). Judging from the album cover, this bandleader and vocalist also played the gangan talking drum. This disc was recorded on the label Star Records—the same label that released over 20 LPs by Haruna Isahola, the King of Apala—sometime in the 1970s. On this record, Atunrase and his group craft the kind of deep, raw, and mellifluous Apala music that expresses the heart of Yoruba culture and identity.


Un grand merci à notre ami João qui a découvert ce disque d’une grande rareté de Bisiriyu Atunrase, un maître oublié de la musique Apala. À l'exception de deux 45 tours datant du début des années 1960 publiés sur Youtube (1), je n'ai rien trouvé sur l’artiste. À en juger par la pochette de l'album, ce chanteur jouait également du tambour parlant gangan. Sur ce disque enregistré dans les années 1970 sur le label Star Records – le même label sur lequel le roi de l'Apala Haruna Ishola publia plus de 20 albums – Bisiriyu Atunrase et son groupe tissent une musique Apala profonde, brute et mélodieuse qui va au cœur même de la culture et de l’identité yorouba.

Download:

Many thanks to Nuno for his help with the visuals.

Our other Yoruba Apala shares:

Haruna Ishola & His Apala Group – Star Records SRPS 31 here
Haruna Ishola & His Apala Group 
 Star Records SRPS 32 here
Haruna Ishola & His Apala Group 
 RPS 16 here

Ayinla Owomura & His Apala Group –  25 x 40 – Africa Song Ltd NEMI 0515 here

Ayinla Omowura & His Apala Group – His Master's Voice Vol. 2 – HNLX 5085 here

Moufa Laif – Yoruba Apala Music from Porto Novo, Benin here



Photograph below is from Arts du Nigéria: Collection du Musée des Arts d'Afrique et d'Océanie - Paris exhibition April-August 1997, RMN, 1997:

The Onalemole, the Ifa priest of Alaafin of Oyo, with other babalawo diviners, during a divination session.


MusicRepublic NIGERIA – NIGÉRIA Bisiriyu Atunrase & His Apala Band – Star Records SRPS 45


The Ifa divination system was inscribed on the List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2008.


“The Ifa divination system, which makes use of an extensive corpus of texts and mathematical formulas, is practiced among Yoruba communities and by the African diaspora in the Americas and the Caribbean. The word Ifa refers to the mystical figure Ifa or Orunmila, regarded by the Yoruba as the deity of wisdom and intellectual development.

In contrast to other forms of divination in the region that employ spirit mediumship, Ifa divination does not rely on a person having oracular powers but rather on a system of signs that are interpreted by a diviner, the Ifa priest or babalawo, literally 'the priest’s father.' The Ifa divination system is applied whenever an important individual or collective decision has to be made.


The Ifa literary corpus, called odu, consists of 256 parts subdivided into verses called ese, whose exact number is unknown as they are constantly increasing (there are around 800 ese per odu). Each of the 256 odu has its specific divination signature, which is determined by the babalawo using sacred palm-nuts and a divination chain. The ese, considered the most important part of Ifa divination, are chanted by the priests in poetic language. The ese reflect Yoruba history, language, beliefs, cosmovision and contemporary social issues. The knowledge of Ifa has been preserved within Yoruba communities and transmitted among Ifa priests.”*

*Unesco here


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Friday, March 19, 2021

INDIA – INDE
Lalgudi Jayaraman – Compositions by Thyagaragi and L. Jayaraman – Melodiya C80-27225-004, recorded 1987 (LP)

#India #Carnatic #Violin #Lalgudi Jayaraman #Tyagaraja #virtuoso #violinist #Indian music #traditional music #world music #Russian Melodiya label #vinyl #MusicRepublic
#India #Carnatic #Violin #Lalgudi Jayaraman #Tyagaraja #virtuoso #violinist #Indian music #traditional music #world music #Russian Melodiya label #vinyl #MusicRepublic
#India #Carnatic #Violin #Lalgudi Jayaraman #Tyagaraja #virtuoso #violinist #Indian music #traditional music #world music #Russian Melodiya label #vinyl #MusicRepublic
#India #Carnatic #Violin #Lalgudi Jayaraman #Tyagaraja #virtuoso #violinist #Indian music #traditional music #world music #Russian Melodiya label #vinyl #MusicRepublic

After presenting albums of the incomparable Carnatic violin master Lalgudi Jarayaman (1930-2013) from 1961 and 1971, we now showcase an exquisite, totally brilliant later recording from 1987 on the Russian Melodiya label, where he plays his own compositions (tracks A1, A2, B2) as well as those by the highly-influential Carnatic composer Tyagaraja (1767-1847) (tracks A3, B1). It’s important to note that Jarayaman’s father, the famous violinist Lalgudi Gopal Iyer (1900-1970), was the grandson of Lalgudi Rama Iyer (1807-1867), a direct disciple of Saint Tyagaraja. As the violin was first introduced in Carnatic music in the beginning of the 19th century, Valadi Radhakrishna Iyer (1849-1908) was actually the first violinist in the family.

 

Jarayaman is accompanied here by his son G. J. R. Krishnan and daughter Lalgudi Vijayalakshmi on violin, Vellore Ramabhadran (1929-2012) on the mridangam double-faced drum, V. Natarajan on the kanjira tambourine, and H. K. Venkatramana on the tanpura drone.

Après avoir présenté des albums de l'incomparable maître du violon Carnatic Lalgudi Jarayaman (1930-2013) de 1961 et 1971, nous présentons maintenant un enregistrement exquis d’une brillante virtuosité de 1987 sur le label russe Melodiya, où il joue ses propres compositions (pistes A1, A2, B2) ainsi que celles du très influent compositeur Carnatic Tyagaraja (1767-1847) (pistes A3, B1). Il convient de noter que le père de Lalgudi Jarayaman, le célèbre violoniste Lalgudi Gopal Iyer (1900-1970), était le petit-fils de Lalgudi Rama Iyer (1807-1867), un disciple direct de Saint Tyagaraja. Le violon ayant été introduit dans la musique Carnatic au début du XIXe siècle, Valadi Radhakrishna Iyer (1849-1908) fut le premier violoniste dans cette famille de musiciens distingués.

 

Jarayaman est accompagné par son fils G. J. R. Krishnan et de sa fille Lalgudi Vijayalakshmi au violon, par Vellore Ramabhadran (1929-2012) au tambour à double face mridangam, par V. Natarajan au tambourin kanjira et par H. K. Venkatramana au bourdon tanpura.


Download:

Flac

MP3



Our other Carnatic violin posts:
Lalgudi Jayaraman – HMV ECSD 2494, 1971 here
Lalgudi Jayaraman – HMV 7 EPE 1614, 1962 here
Dwaram Venkataswamy Naidu – HMV EALP 1375 here
T.N. Krishnan – SEDE 3609 Columbia, 1965 here
T.N. Krishnan & Kumari Viji Krishnan – Inreco 2401 - 5050 A, 1978 here

#India #Carnatic #Violin #Lalgudi Jayaraman #Tyagaraja #virtuoso #violinist #Indian music #traditional music #world music #Russian Melodiya label #vinyl #MusicRepublic

The photographs below are from The Metropolitan Museum of Art's Open Access initiative, which gives access to more than 400,000 images of public-domain artworks from The Met collection available for free and unrestricted use (www.metmuseum.org):

 

Celestial dancer (Devata), Madhya Pradesh, 11th century:

“The Hindu temple is conceived as a heavenly abode for the presiding deity. The building's stepped, indented, and towering exterior evokes the mountains of Indra's heavens, home to the assembly of gods as well as celestial beauties, dancers, and musicians. This life-size sandstone sculpture is an extraordinary rending of a heavenly celebrant performing in honor of the gods. The dancer's face and body are treated according to prescribed canons of beauty. Her body is contorted in an improbably pose, her legs projecting to her right while her upper torso and head turn sharply left. The extreme flexion reflects dance positions (karunas and sthanas) described in the Natyasastra, an ancient dramatic arts treatise. It is understood in Indian aesthetics that such positions enhance the appreciation of beauty.”

MusicRepublic INDIA – INDE Lalgudi Jayaraman – Compositions by Thyagaragi and L. Jayaraman – Melodiya C80-27225-004


Mahadevi, the Great Goddess, Bikaner, Rajasthan, c. 1725:

“In this twenty-armed form, Mahadevi holds an array of weapons, affiliating her with all the male gods. This iconography also associates her with Durga, the slayer of the buffalo demon Mahisha. Ultimately powerful and creative, Mahadevi is understood by her devotees as the true reality in the universe.” 

MusicRepublic INDIA – INDE Lalgudi Jayaraman – Compositions by Thyagaragi and L. Jayaraman – Melodiya C80-27225-004

Please help me purchase important traditional records to pursue my global 

curation project and share the best finds with you on this blog:






Sunday, March 14, 2021

ROMANIA – ROUMANIE
Anthology of Romanian Folk Music / Antologia Muzicii Populare Românești Vol. I, record 1 – Electrecord EPD 78, released 1959 (Vinyl 10 inch, 33 RPM)

#Romania #Roumanie # Antologia Muzicii Populare Românești # Electrecord #dance ensembles #traditional village music #Bucium alphorn #Tulnic alphorn #Cimpoi bagpipes #Tilincă flute #Moldavian fluier flute #Kaval #panpipes #violin #Cobză #Clarinet #taragot #accordion #world music #traditional music #MusicRepublic #vinyl #vinyl addict #collector #vintage #10 inch record
#Romania #Roumanie # Antologia Muzicii Populare Românești # Electrecord #dance ensembles #traditional village music #Bucium alphorn #Tulnic alphorn #Cimpoi bagpipes #Tilincă flute #Moldavian fluier flute #Kaval #panpipes #violin #Cobză #Clarinet #taragot #accordion #world music #traditional music #MusicRepublic #vinyl #vinyl addict #collector #vintage #10 inch record
#Romania #Roumanie # Antologia Muzicii Populare Românești # Electrecord #dance ensembles #traditional village music #Bucium alphorn #Tulnic alphorn #Cimpoi bagpipes #Tilincă flute #Moldavian fluier flute #Kaval #panpipes #violin #Cobză #Clarinet #taragot #accordion #world music #traditional music #MusicRepublic #vinyl #vinyl addict #collector #vintage #10 inch record
#Romania #Roumanie # Antologia Muzicii Populare Românești # Electrecord #dance ensembles #traditional village music #Bucium alphorn #Tulnic alphorn #Cimpoi bagpipes #Tilincă flute #Moldavian fluier flute #Kaval #panpipes #violin #Cobză #Clarinet #taragot #accordion #world music #traditional music #MusicRepublic #vinyl #vinyl addict #collector #vintage #10 inch record
#Romania #Roumanie # Antologia Muzicii Populare Românești # Electrecord #dance ensembles #traditional village music #Bucium alphorn #Tulnic alphorn #Cimpoi bagpipes #Tilincă flute #Moldavian fluier flute #Kaval #panpipes #violin #Cobză #Clarinet #taragot #accordion #world music #traditional music #MusicRepublic #vinyl #vinyl addict #collector #vintage #10 inch record
#Romania #Roumanie # Antologia Muzicii Populare Românești # Electrecord #dance ensembles #traditional village music #Bucium alphorn #Tulnic alphorn #Cimpoi bagpipes #Tilincă flute #Moldavian fluier flute #Kaval #panpipes #violin #Cobză #Clarinet #taragot #accordion #world music #traditional music #MusicRepublic #vinyl #vinyl addict #collector #vintage #10 inch record

We now present the first record of a three-album 10-inch box set, on the Electrecord label, of instrumental folk music from the various regions of Romania, ranging from traditional village music to more modern orchestrated virtuoso dance ensembles. This record features recordings of alphorns (A1), bagpipes (A2b), flutes (A3a, A3b, A4a, A4b, A4c, A4d, A5a, A5b, B5), panpipes (B1), violins (B2a, B3a), cobzăs (B2a, B2b), clarinets (B4a), taragots (B4b), accordions (B4c), cimbaloms (B3a, B3b), and other instruments.

 

Nous présentons maintenant le premier disque d’un coffret de trois disques 25 cm d’une anthologie de musique folklorique roumaine de diverses régions, allant de musiques instrumentales traditionnelles de villages à des orchestres de danse virtuoses plus modernes, avec notamment des cors des Alpes (A1), des cornemuses (A2b), des flûtes (A3a, A3b, A4a, A4b, A4c, A4d, A5a, A5b, B5), des flûtes de Pan (B1), des violons (B2a, B3a), des cobzăs (B2a, B2b), des clarinettes (B4a), des taragots (B4b), des accordéons (B4c), et des cimbaloms (ou tambals) (B3a, B3b).

Instrumente Muzicale Românești / Folk Music Instruments:


A1a – Shepherd's Signal

Alex Puică: Bucium alphorn.

 

A1b – Spring Song

Iosana Bud: Tulnic alphorn.

 

A2a – Doină

Marin Toma: Solz de pește (fish-scale).

 

A2b – Murgulețul

Ilie Orlanda: Cimpoi bagpipes.

 

A3a – Bătuta

Mihai Lăcătuș: Tilincă flute.

 

A3b – Joc Din Deleni

Ion Găină: Moldavian fluier flute. 

 

A4a – Horă

Gheorghe Bălteanu: Kaval.

 

A4b – Ciocîrlia / The Lark

Petre Popescu: Fluier flute.

 

A4c – Brîu

Iovan Moza: Gemănat Fluier twin-flute. 

 

A4d – Hora Miresei

Gheorghe Ciontea: Piccolo flute. 

 

A5a – Cîntec Și Învîrtită Ruptă

Ansamblul de Fluiere din Jina (flute ensemble). 

 

A5b – Doină Și Joc Moroșănesc

Grațian Marica, Larion Marica: Moldavian fluier flutes. 

 

B1 – Doina Oltului 

Fănică Luca: Nai panpipes.

 

B2a – Brîul Pe Șapte

Vasile Bursuc: Cobză; Nicolae Dobrică: Vioară violin.


B2b – Hora de la Gîștești

Ion Păturică: Cobză.

 

B3a – Țînțărașul

Stan Păun: small Cimbalom; Gheorghe Stănică: Vioară violin.

 

B3b – Cîntecul Lui Corbea / Corbea's Ballad

Nicolae Vișan: large Cimbalom.

 

B4a – Ardeleana Și Poșovaica

Traian Lăscuț-Făgărășanu: Clarinet.

 

B4b – De Doi

Iosif Milu: Torogoată.

 

B4c – Brîul Muscelean

Ilie Udilă: Accordion.

 

B5 –Bugeacul

Florea Netcu: Fluier flute; Orchestra Populară a Radioteleviziunii.


Download:
Many thanks to João for sharing this album.

Listen to The Tulnic Ensemble of Avram Iancu's (see A1b) fascinating live performance with Milan W:



Photographs below are from Rumänische Ikonen by Nicolescu Corina, Berlin Union Verlag, 1976:

Saint Nicholas, Church in Poiana Marului, 1743:

MusicRepublic ROMANIA – ROUMANIE Anthology of Romanian Folk Music Vol. I, record 1 – Electrecord EPD 78


Saint Nicholas, Church in Turnu Rosu, Sibiu, 1754:

MusicRepublic ROMANIA – ROUMANIE Anthology of Romanian Folk Music Vol. I, record 1 – Electrecord EPD 78

Please help me purchase important traditional records to pursue my global 

curation project and share the best finds with you on this blog: