Sunday, January 13, 2019

CHAD – TCHAD
Chad (Kanem) – Unesco Collection – An Anthology of African Music – BM 30 L 2309 – recorded by Monique Brandily, photographs by Max-Yves Brandily, 1963 (LP)
African music Traditional music from Chad musique traditionnelle du Tchad ceremonial tribal Musique Africaine traditionnelle Kanem Kanembou Touaregs

African music Traditional music from Chad musique traditionnelle du Tchad ceremonial tribal Musique Africaine traditionnelle Kanem Kanembou Touaregs

African music Traditional music from Chad musique traditionnelle du Tchad ceremonial tribal Musique Africaine traditionnelle Kanem Kanembou Touaregs

African music Traditional music from Chad musique traditionnelle du Tchad ceremonial tribal Musique Africaine traditionnelle Kanem Kanembou Touaregs

African music Traditional music from Chad musique traditionnelle du Tchad ceremonial tribal Musique Africaine traditionnelle Kanem Kanembou Touaregs

African music Traditional music from Chad musique traditionnelle du Tchad ceremonial tribal Musique Africaine traditionnelle Kanem Kanembou Touaregs

African music Traditional music from Chad musique traditionnelle du Tchad ceremonial tribal Musique Africaine traditionnelle Kanem Kanembou Touaregs

African music Traditional music from Chad musique traditionnelle du Tchad ceremonial tribal Musique Africaine traditionnelle Kanem Kanembou Touaregs

African music Traditional music from Chad musique traditionnelle du Tchad ceremonial tribal Musique Africaine traditionnelle Kanem Kanembou Touaregs


The Kanem region, which spans from Lake Chad to the gates of the Sahara, is home to the Kanembu people, who converted to Islam in the 11th century, alongside other nomadic shepherd cultures like the Dazas, Peuls, Tuaregs, and Arabs.

This rare LP recorded in 1963 on the great Bärenreiter-Musicaphon label, features drumming (A1, A5, B1), oboe (A3, B5), reed clarinet (A7), trumpet (B3), a song accompanied by a lute (B4), a song by Tuareg women (A9), an ensemble of musicians (B7), a young girl accompanied by handclaps (B6), a festival for the end of Ramadan (B8).

La région du Kanem, qui s'étend du lac Tchad aux portes du Sahara, abrite le peuple Kanembou, qui s'est converti à l'islam au 11ème siècle, aux côtés d'autres peuples nomades pastoraux comme les Dazas, les Peuls, les Touaregs et les Arabes.

Ce disque rare enregistré en 1963 sur le formidable label Bärenreiter-Musicaphon présente notamment des percussions (A1, A5, B1), du hautbois (A3, B5), de la clarinette en roseau (A7), de la trompette (B3), une chanson accompagnée au luth (B4), le chant de femmes touaregs (A9), un ensemble de musiciens (B7), le chant d'une fille accompagnée de mains frappées (B6), la fête marquant la fin du Ramadan (B8).

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African music Traditional music from Chad musique traditionnelle du Tchad ceremonial tribal Musique Africaine traditionnelle Kanem Kanembou Touaregs


African music Traditional music from Chad musique traditionnelle du Tchad ceremonial tribal Musique Africaine traditionnelle Kanem Kanembou Touaregs

The photographs below are from La Mort est le Masque du Roi  – La Royauté Sacrée des Moundang du Tchad by Alfred Adler, Payot, 1982:

The Moundang people in Southwest Chad, bordering the tip of northern Cameroon, have a very different civilization compared with the Kanembu people, in a culturally diverse country which features over 100 languages and dialects. They had long maintained their ancestral rituals and political organization around a "divine" king, with powers over nature (rain, harvest), despite many incursions by the Fulani-Peul and French colonial rule. With the King's blessing, author Alfred Adler lived for more than three years among the Moudang, between 1967 and 1976, to study their social organization and customs. 

The Mundere mask, a dance of Yungu warriors, and the King of Moundang riding a horse with his guards in Léré. 


MusicRepublic CHAD – TCHAD Chad (Kanem) – Unesco Collection – An Anthology of African Music – BM 30 L 2309


MusicRepublic CHAD – TCHAD Chad (Kanem) – Unesco Collection – An Anthology of African Music – BM 30 L 2309

MusicRepublic CHAD – TCHAD Chad (Kanem) – Unesco Collection – An Anthology of African Music – BM 30 L 2309

Monday, January 7, 2019

BURKINA-FASO
Les Trésors du Faso – Musique Traditionnelle Vol. 1  Ministère de la Culture et des Arts / Seydoni Production (Cassette)
African music Traditional music from Burkina Faso Mossi, Fulani-Peul, Bissa, Gourmantché, Yadéga, Tuareg, Leylé, Dioula, Turka, Lobi, Kassena, Bwaba and Sambo ceremonial tribal Musique Africaine traditionnelle

African music Traditional music from Burkina Faso Mossi, Fulani-Peul, Bissa, Gourmantché, Yadéga, Tuareg, Leylé, Dioula, Turka, Lobi, Kassena, Bwaba and Sambo ceremonial tribal Musique Africaine traditionnelle

African music Traditional music from Burkina Faso Mossi, Fulani-Peul, Bissa, Gourmantché, Yadéga, Tuareg, Leylé, Dioula, Turka, Lobi, Kassena, Bwaba and Sambo ceremonial tribal Musique Africaine traditionnelle

This superb compilation showcases the great diversity of traditional musics from Burkina Faso performed by 14 different cultural/ethnic groups, all with their distinctive languages and musical styles: the Mossi, Fulani-Peul, Bissa, Gourmantché, Yadéga, Tuareg, Leylé, Dioula, Turka, Lobi, Kassena, Bwaba and Sambo peoples.

Cette superbe compilation présente la grande diversité des musiques traditionnelles du Burkina Faso interprétées par 14 groupes ethniques / culturels différents, tous avec leurs langues et leurs styles musicaux propres: les Mossis, les Peuls, les Bissas, les Gourmantchés, les Yadégas, les Touaregs, les Leylés, les Dioulas, les Turkas, les Lobis, les Kassenas, les Bwabas et les Sambos.



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...We finally reached the village located in the Tapoa province in Eastern Burkina Faso at nightfall after a long, bumpy and dusty journey. We first went to pay our respects to the Gourmantché Chief (pictured here with his “Prime Minister” and sacred drum), who is the traditional guardian of relations with the ancestors. The chief was much loved by the villagers for his wisdom, dignity and deep sense of noblesse oblige.


Gourmantché traditional chief with sacred drum chef gourmanché

We had come here to attend the funeral service for a friend’s mother that night in the village, who had passed away exactly one year ago. The Gourmantché believe that the spirit of a deceased person continues to roam the village during that time. A nighttime ceremony, in which the entire village participated, was held to send the departed from the world of the living into the realm of the ancestors.

The funeral ceremony was an all-night affair, with singing, storytelling, laughter, music and dance. At around 10:30 pm a troupe of musicians and dancers took center stage. Mr. P, the region’s most famous traditional dancer, instantly electrified the audience. He seemed to glide through space, with occasional rolling somersaults, unfurling huge "wings" with his long arms and hands. At one point, an ancient gentleman who could barely walk began a frantic dance to the sound of excited cheers and encouragement. On subsequent trips to the region, Mr. P told me that his dances imitated wild animals to embody their symbolic characteristics, but that nobody understood these things anymore. I saw him perform twice more in ceremonies in the early 2000s, and he retired shortly after, well into his 60s.

Gourmantché traditional dancer


L’homme a besoin de chanter et de danser pour se mettre en harmonie avec les vibrations premières de la création. "

“Human beings need to sing and dance to put themselves in harmony with the primal vibrations of creation.”

Amadou Hampâté Bâ (1901-1991)
in Les Archives sonores de la littérature noire n°4 et 5, CLEF/Radio France, 1973 (double LP)

Our other Burkina Faso music posts:
Compil du Salou Traditionnel Burkinabé
El Hadji Hamado Kanazoe

Wednesday, January 2, 2019

INDIA – INDE
Amjad Ali Khan – Raag Bageshree, Raag Khama & Folk Music of Bengal and Assam – The Maestro's Musings – CBS IND 1149, 1986 (LP)
(b. 1945)
North Indian music Raga Sarod Hindustani  musique d'Inde du Nord

North Indian music Raga Sarod Hindustani  musique d'Inde du Nord

North Indian music Raga Sarod Hindustani  musique d'Inde du Nord

North Indian music Raga Sarod Hindustani  musique d'Inde du Nord

Let’s kick off 2019 with this excellent live album by sarod genius Amjad Ali Khan. These brilliant performances by the son of Gwalior court musician Hafiz Ali Khan (1888-1972) feature Khan’s sheer outpouring of ideas and dynamic, clear ringing sarod, achieved through his innovative use of fingernails instead of finger tips. Khan is accompanied here on tabla by Rashid Mustafa Thirakwa on side A and Sukhvinder Singh Namdhari on Side B.

Nous démarrons la nouvelle année 2019 avec cet excellent album live du génie du sarod Amjad Ali Khan. Ces performances éblouissantes du fils du musicien de la cour de Gwalior Hafiz Ali Khan (1888-1972) montrent l'incroyable inventivité du maître et les sonorités claires et dynamiques de son intrument, obtenues par l’utilisation novatrice des ongles au lieu des doigts. Khan est accompagné aux tablas par Rashid Mustafa Thirakwa sur la Face A et Sukhvinder Singh Namdhari sur la Face B.

Our other Amjad Ali Khan post: Raga Darbari – EASD 2824 – 1975

Many thanks to our friend Scott for sharing this gem.


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The photographs below are from Visions of Mughal India - The Collection of Howard Hodgkin by Andrew Topsfield, Ashmolean Museum, 2012, and The Art of India and Pakistan by Leigh Ashton, Faber & Faber, 1950:
Brahma, Creator of the Universe, Mankot, Punjab Hills, c.1720, and A Troup of Trumpeters, Guler, Himachal Pradesh, c.1735-1740.


MusicRepublic INDIA – INDE Amjad Ali Khan – Raag Bageshree, Raag Khama & Folk Music of Bengal and Assam – The Maestro's Musings – CBS IND 1149


MusicRepublic INDIA – INDE Amjad Ali Khan – Raag Bageshree, Raag Khama & Folk Music of Bengal and Assam – The Maestro's Musings – CBS IND 1149

Sunday, December 30, 2018

RUSSIA – RUSSIE
Encyclopédie des Musiques Sacrées – Chants Liturgiques de la Tradition Russe  Disque 3 – Erato / Editions Labergerie, 1968 (Vinyl 7'', 33 RPM)
MusicRepublic RUSSIA – RUSSIE Encyclopédie des Musiques Sacrées – Chants Liturgiques de la Tradition Russe – Disque 3 – Erato / Editions Labergerie

Russian Orthodox chants

Russian Orthodox chants

Russian Orthodox chants

Russian Orthodox chants

This Encyclopedia of Sacred Music box set published in 1968 contains eight 7” 33 rpm: 
The Jewish Traditions (Disc 1), The Christian Traditions: Gregorian and non-Gregorian Chants (Disc 2), Liturgic Chants of the Russian Tradition (Disc 3), Christian Traditions: Huguenot and Lutheran (Disc 4), Islamic Traditions: Call to Prayer and Ceremony of the Mevlevi Dervishes (Disc 5), African Traditions: Central African Republic (Disc 6), Traditions of the East: India (Vedic, Qawwali, Tamil) and Buddhist Traditions from Japan and Tibet (Disc 7), Other Eastern Traditions: Japanese Buddhism, Chinese Taoism, Shinto (Disc 8).

The Russian Orthodox chants we share here were recorded in Paris, which hosts many Russian Orthodox churches, and welcomed some 250,000 Russians refugees fleeing the 1917 October Revolution who brought along their culture and religious traditions.

The program of short tracks features Liturgical chants in unison (A1), Liturgical octave chants (A2), Liturgical chants with two voices – thirds and fifths (A3), Liturgical polyphony with 3 voices with dissonant harmonies (A4), Parish style chants for 4 mixed voices (B1), Cathedral style chants for 4 to 8 mixed voices (B2), and Monastic chants for equal voices (B3). The performers here are Ensemble Liturgique de l’Institut Saint-Serge, Paris, conducted by Nicolas Ossorguine (A1-A3, B3); Nicolas Kedroff, Evgeny Evetz and Nicolas Evetz (A4) and Ensemble Vocal de la Jeunesse Russe à Paris conducted by Evgeny Evetz (B1,B2).


Cette Encyclopédie des musiques sacrées, publiée en 1968 sous la forme d’un coffret de huit disques présente:
Les traditions juives (disque 1), les traditions chrétiennes: chants grégoriens et non grégoriens (disque 2), les chants liturgiques de la tradition russe (disque 3), les traditions chrétiennes: huguenots et luthériens (disque 4), les traditions islamiques: appel à prière et cérémonie des derviches mevlevi (disque 5), les traditions africaines: République centrafricaine (disque 6), les traditions de l'Extrème-Orient: Inde (traditions védique, Qawwali, tamoul) et bouddhiste (Japon, Tibet) (disque 7), les autres traditions de l'Extrème-Orient: bouddhisme japonais, taoïsme chinois, shintoïsme (disque 8).

Les chants orthodoxes russes que nous partageons ici ont été enregistrés à Paris, qui abrite de nombreuses églises orthodoxes russes, et qui s’est enrichie de 250 000 réfugiés russes fuyant la Révolution d'octobre de 1917 et qui ont apporté leur culture et leurs traditions religieuses.

Le programme de morceaux courts comprend des chants liturgiques à l'unisson (A1), et à l'octave (A2), des chants liturgiques à deux voix - tierces et quintes parallèles (A3), une polyphonie liturgique à 3 voix aux harmonies dissonantes (A4), des chants de style paroissial pour 4 voix mixtes (B1), des chants de style cathédrale pour 4 à 8 voix mixtes (B2) et des chants monastiques pour voix égales (B3). Les interprètes sont l’Ensemble liturgique de l’Institut Saint-Serge de Paris, dirigé par Nicolas Ossorguine (A1-A3, B3); Nicolas Kedroff, Evgeny Evetz et Nicolas Evetz (A4) et l’Ensemble vocal de la jeunesse russe à Paris dirigé par Evgeny Evetz (B1, B2).

Thank you João for sharing this stunning box set.



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The above photograph is from Les Icônes by Kurt Weizmann, Gaiané Alibegasvili, Aneli Volskaya, Goddana Babic, Manolis Chatzidakis, Mikhaïl Alpatov, and Teodora Voinescu, Fernand Nathan publishing, 1982:
The Adoration of the Cross, Novgorod, 12th Century.

Monday, December 24, 2018

SIBERIA – SIBÉRIE
Voyage en URSS – n° 10 Sibérie/Extrême Orient/Extrême Nord  – Anthologie de la Musique Instrumentale et Vocale des Peuples de l'URSS – Melodiya C90-23261 004 (LP)






This 10-LP Anthology of Instrumental and Vocal Music collection was published during the time of the Soviet Union (1922-1991) on the Russian Melodiya label. This now forgotten collection features many gems, including this panorama of traditional music from the vast expanses of Russia’s Siberia, the Far East and the Far North covering an area of 13.1 million sq km (5.1 million sq mi). This anthology features music from the Altai, Tuvinian, Khakassi, Iakut, Buryat, Udegessi, Khanty, Nivkhi, Mansi, Nganassani, Chukotski, and Eskimo peoples, including topshur lute (A1), flute (A2 and B3), Jew’s harp (A3 and A11), wonderful throat singing and topshur lute (A4a-A4c), ikili bowed strings (A5), amyrga horn (A6), bysanchy bowed strings (A7), bullroarer (B13), shamanic rituals and healing ceremonies (A10, B2 and B11), and more.

We will shortly share the superb music from Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan) from this collection.

Cette Anthologie de la Musique Instrumentale et Vocale des Peuples de l'URSS composé de 10 albums a été publiée à l'époque de l'Union soviétique (1922-1991) sur le label russe Melodiya. Cette collection aujourd’hui oubliée contient de nombreux joyaux, y compris ce panorama de musique traditionnelle des vastes étendues de la Sibérie, de l’Extrême-Orient et de l’Extrême-Nord russe, couvrant une superficie de 13,1 millions de km2. Cet album présente la musique des peuples Altaï, Tuvinièn, Khakassi, Iakut, Bouriate, Udegessi, Khanty, Nivkhi, Mansi, Nganassani, Chukotski et Eskimo, avec notamment du luth topchour (A1), de la flûte (A2 et B3), de la guimbarde (A3 et A11), des merveilleux chants de gorge accompagnés de luth topchour (A4a-A4c), de la vièle à archet ikili (A5), de la corne amyrga (A6), des cordes byzantchi (A7), du rhombe (B13), des rituels chamaniques et de guérison (A10, B2 et B11).

Nous partagerons prochainement les superbes musiques d’Asie centrale (Kazakhstan, Kirghizistan, Tadjikistan, Turkménistan et Ouzbékistan) de cette collection.



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The photographs below are from Peuples de Sibérie by Claudine Doury, texts by Jean-Pierre Thibaudat, Seuil, 1999, and L'Art du Grand Nord by Jean Malaurie, Citadelles & Mazenod, 2001:


MusicRepublic SIBERIA – SIBÉRIE Voyage en URSS – n° 10 Sibérie – Anthologie de la Musique Instrumentale et Vocale des Peuples de l'URSS – Melodiya C90-23261 004


MusicRepublic SIBERIA – SIBÉRIE Voyage en URSS – n° 10 Sibérie – Anthologie de la Musique Instrumentale et Vocale des Peuples de l'URSS – Melodiya C90-23261 004

MusicRepublic SIBERIA – SIBÉRIE Voyage en URSS – n° 10 Sibérie – Anthologie de la Musique Instrumentale et Vocale des Peuples de l'URSS – Melodiya C90-23261 004

MusicRepublic SIBERIA – SIBÉRIE Voyage en URSS – n° 10 Sibérie – Anthologie de la Musique Instrumentale et Vocale des Peuples de l'URSS – Melodiya C90-23261 004
Buryat shaman

Friday, December 14, 2018

IRAN 
Traditional Persian Music – Ahmad Ebadi (setar), Hoseyn Tehrani (tombak), Asghar Bahari (kamanche), Lotfollah Madj (tar) – Ahang Rooz Record Company, 1971 (LP)
Persian classical music Iran Ahmad Ebadi setar, Hoseyn Tehrani tombak, Asghar Bahari kamanche, Lotfollah Madj tar Shiraz Festival of Arts

Persian classical music Iran Ahmad Ebadi setar, Hoseyn Tehrani tombak, Asghar Bahari kamanche, Lotfollah Madj tar Shiraz Festival of Arts

Persian classical music Iran Ahmad Ebadi setar, Hoseyn Tehrani tombak, Asghar Bahari kamanche, Lotfollah Madj tar Shiraz Festival of Arts

Persian classical music Iran Ahmad Ebadi setar, Hoseyn Tehrani tombak, Asghar Bahari kamanche, Lotfollah Madj tar Shiraz Festival of Arts


Persian classical music Iran Ahmad Ebadi setar, Hoseyn Tehrani tombak, Asghar Bahari kamanche, Lotfollah Madj tar Shiraz Festival of Arts


The annual international Shiraz Festival of Arts, held in Shiraz-Persepolis from 1967 to 1977, offered a unique global program of cross-cultural encounters and discoveries, featuring music, dance, drama and film. The breath of their concerts, for example, spanned the traditional world (Iranian music, Japanese No music, African music, Vilayat Khan), Western classical music (Martha Argerich, Arthur Rubinstein), the modern avant-garde (John Cage) and Jazz (Max Roach and Abbey Lincoln).

This panorama of classical Persian music was recorded during the 1971 Shiraz Festival, which celebrated the 2500th anniversary of the founding of the Persian Empire with great pomp.

The LP showcases delicate, timeless solos by virtuosos Ahmad Ebadi (1906-1993) on setar lute (A1), Hoseyn Tehrani (1912-1974) on tombak drum (A2), Asghar Bahari (1905-1995) on kamanche bowed string (B1), and Lotfollah Madj (1917-1978) on the long-necked tar lute (B2).

Le Festival des arts de Shiraz, qui s'est tenu chaque année à Shiraz-Persepolis entre 1967 et 1977, offrait un programme international de rencontres et de découvertes transculturelles uniques à travers la musique, la danse, le théâtre et le cinéma. Les concerts proposés, par exemple, allaient du monde traditionnel (musique iranienne, musique du théâtre  japonais, musique africaine, Vilayat Khan) à la musique classique occidentale (Martha Argerich, Arthur Rubinstein) et de l’avant-garde moderne (John Cage) au Jazz (Max Roach et Abbey Lincoln).

Ce panorama de musique classique persane a été enregistré lors du Festival des arts de Shiraz de 1971 qui célébrait en grande pompe le 2500e anniversaire de la fondation de l'empire perse.

L’album présente des solos délicats et intemporels joués par les virtuoses Ahmad Ebadi (1906-1993) au luth setar (A1), Hoseyn Tehrani (1912-1974) au tambour tombak (A2), Asghar Bahari (1905-1995) au violon à archet kamanche (A2). B1) et Lotfollah Madj (1917-1978) au luth à long manche tar (B2).

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MP3 

Our other Persian/Iranian music posts:
Iran Musique Traditionnelle – Disques Alvarès EX 1514 here
Music of Iran – Santur Recital – Nasser Raster-Nejad – Lyrichord LLST 7135 here

Don’t miss Tawfiq’s many posts of rare LPs & cassettes of Persian and regional music from Iran here.

The photograph below is from Cultural History of Persia by Henri Stierlin, Aurum, 1983:


MusicRepublic IRAN  Traditional Persian Music – Ahang Rooz Record Company


Saturday, December 8, 2018

NIGERIA – NIGÉRIA
Haruna Ishola & His Apala Group – Star Records SRPS 32 (LP)
(1919-1983)
Nigerian African Music Yoruba traditional Apala musique traditionnelle Africaine iyalu talking drums, agogo bells, sekere rattles, agidigbo thumb piano

Nigerian African Music Yoruba traditional Apala musique traditionnelle Africaine iyalu talking drums, agogo bells, sekere rattles, agidigbo thumb piano

Nigerian African Music Yoruba traditional Apala musique traditionnelle Africaine iyalu talking drums, agogo bells, sekere rattles, agidigbo thumb piano

Nigerian African Music Yoruba traditional Apala musique traditionnelle Africaine iyalu talking drums, agogo bells, sekere rattles, agidigbo thumb piano

Yoruba singer Haruna Ishola, who originally trained as a goldsmith, formed his first group in 1947 and was the established King of Apala by the 1950s. This brilliant album – particularly Side B – features the dazzling interactions between iyalu talking drums, agogo bells, sekere rattles and a large agidigbo thumb piano behind Ishola’s poised, mellifluous voice and nimble backing vocals.

This well-recorded LP is a stellar example of a glorious Islamic-influenced Yoruba musical tradition, whose golden era was between 1930s-1970s.

Le chanteur yoruba Haruna Ishola, qui se destinait au métier d’orfèvre, a formé son premier groupe en 1947 et s’est imposé comme le roi du Apala à partir des années 1950. Ce brillant album – tout particulièrement la Face B – présente des interactions sublimes entre des tambours parlants iyalu, des cloches agogo, des hochets sekere, et un grand piano à pouce agidigbo qui portent à merveille la voix fluide et majestueuse d’Haruna Ishola ponctuée de choeurs suaves.

Ce magnifique album bien enregistré témoigne d’une glorieuse tradition musicale yoruba d’influence islamique qui a connu son âge d'or entre les années 1930 et 1970.

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Our other Yoruba Apala posts:
Haruna Ishola – RPS 16 (Cassette) here
Ayinla Omowura – 25 x 40 – Africa Song Ltd (LP) here
Moufa Laif – Yoruba Apala Music from Porto Novo (Benin) (Cassette) 
here


Don’t miss the Apala Messenger – IndigeDisc – ID495002 Haruna Ishola anthology produced by Andrew Frankel with an impeccable selection of remastered tracks. Essential.

The photograph below is from African Music A People's Art by Francis Bebey, Laurence Hill Books, 1975 (highly recommended):


MusicRepublic NIGERIA – NIGÉRIA Haruna Ishola & His Apala Group – Star Records SRPS 32